Picture of The fall armyworm has been attacking maize farms across country borders.

Africa RISING–NAFAKA Project trains extension staff, farmers on fall armyworm management

The Africa RISING-NAFAKA project has trained over 250 government extension staff and over 40 lead farmers from Tanzania’s southern highlands on fall armyworm (FAW) management. The training sessions were conducted in the districts of Kilolo, Iringa Rural, Mufindi, Wanging’ombe, Mbozi, Momba, Mbarali, and Kilombero where FAW has been reported.

Picture of The fall armyworm has been attacking maize farms across country borders.

The fall armyworm has been attacking maize farms across country borders. Source: Africa RISING.

The extension officers and lead farmers were trained on how to scout for and identify the worm, appropriate control methods such as safe and correct use of pesticides, and cultural practices for managing the pest. This training is part of concerted efforts by the government and stakeholders in Tanzania’s agricultural sector to reduce losses being suffered by maize farmers across the country due to this highly invasive pest.

The fall armyworm invasion was first reported in Nigeria in January 2016, and in both Tanzania and Kenya in March of that year. Since then it has spread rapidly across the continent attacking maize farms with no regard for country borders.

According to a report published by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) in August 2017, the pest had been reported in 14 regions in Tanzania: Songwe, Katavi, Mbeya, Iringa, Njombe, Ruvuma, Lindi, Mtwara, Morogoro, Rukwa, Arusha, Manyara, Shinyanga, and Kilimanjaro) and already caused a 3% reduction in maize yields in 2017 below the previous five-year annual average of 5.6 million tons.

“We expect that each of the trainees will train at least 200 farmers in each village on how to control the fall armyworm and design spraying programs as well as support the spray service providers made up of youth, producer organizations, and village-based agricultural agents who were trained by the project. We agreed that they will report every week to district authorities on the progress,” explains IITA Technology Scaling Specialist, Haroon Sseguya.

The extension workers welcomed the training, which they termed as long overdue and crucial in their efforts to support farmers in saving their maize.

“The fall armyworms invaded our village from 2016 and in 2017 and they have caused a lot of damage. But we did not know it was a new pest. We thought it was the maize stalk borer and we applied the same control measures, both traditional and modern, using chemical pesticides, but we were not succeeding in controlling the pest,” said Lydia Shonyera, District Crops Officer from Mbozi District, Songwe Region and one of the trainees.

“We have benefited a lot from the training; we now have the correct advice for the farmers. We only wish that this training had taken place much earlier. We could have saved our harvest. However, we will now be able to protect our harvest this year from the pest,” she said.

This was reiterated by Marcodenis Emmanuel Misungwi, a village extension officer from Nansama village, also in Mbozi District, who said that while the pest was not yet a big problem in his village, the training would enable them to contain it and reduce damage before it was too late.

“The pest is currently not a big problem in our village but it has been spotted in some maize fields. However, we were not sure of the pest. Actually, we thought that it was the Africa armyworm. With this training, we have discovered that it is a different and deadly pest. The training is therefore very timely as we will give farmers the correct recommendations on how to control it effectively and correctly,” he said.

Picture of A maize farmer inspecting crops affected by the FAW pest.

A maize farmer inspecting crops affected by the FAW pest. Source: Africa RISING.

These training sessions are supported by the USAID Tanzania Mission which funds the Africa RISING–NAFAKA Partnership and Scaling Project. Through this collaborative and synergistic partnership, IITA and the NAFAKA project (led by ACDI/VOCA) are promoting and supporting adoption of promising interventions that enhance agricultural productivity in Tanzania. Key interventions include promotion of climate-smart agricultural innovations, dissemination of best-bet crop management packages, rehabilitation and protection of natural resources, and reduction of food waste and spoilage in three crop enterprises—maize, rice, and legumes. Nutrition and postharvest handling are also integrated as cross-cutting themes.

Africa RISING-NAFAKAfall armywormIITA News no. 2423

Communications • 28th February 2018

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