how to render a wall with sand and cement
Even more useful is knowing when your home needs rendering, and how much it will cost to get it done. the lighter the cement used, the lighter the render … Read the instructions labeled on the bag. The plastic material or mortar used in the process is essentially a mixture of various building materials such as cement, lime, gypsum, fine aggregates (sand), and water. Mixing the render. These are 15mm thick wooden battens, which you fix to the wall. Where external wall insulation is being applied before the render coat, this is usually in the form of rigid boards or slabs. Any new finish is only as good as the wall behind it. This takes all the moisture from the back which makes the render pull from your wall. The walls are now ready for painting. Cracks can be repaired with mesh or specialist methods before rendering over. Stippled render and textured terrazzo was chosen to create the eye-catching facade. Cement render trapping moisture in old wall This particular example is near London - a Grade 2 listed building of some significance. A mixer is the best way to mix sand and cement render. Finally, the external rainwater and soil pipes etc. Great care should be taken when mixing and the âingredientsâ should be properly gauged to ensure correct amounts are used and thoroughly mixed using a cement mixer. Next, in order to apply the second coat of cement render, you have to build vertical guidance pillars every 3′ / 90 cm. Changing and improving the exterior of your home is actually one of the most effective ways of adding value to your property, and new render is one of the cheapest ways of achieving this. Typical names include 0/2 Washed Medium Plastering Sand and 0/4 Washed Fine Plastering Sand, also Type A plastering sand and Type B plastering sand are sometimes used. These are 15mm thick wooden battens, which you fix to the wall. Love your daily dose of Real Homes? Though that whiteset plaster as per another thread I have going here will be either completed removed or 50% chipped away. Our team of experts has rounded up the 7 best buys, By Brittany Romano • There is no particular type of cement that should be used; any kind will do. Rendering protects an outside wall while plastering protects an inside wall. Next fill in any hollows left over with more render. England and Wales company registration number 2008885. Apply it carefully to ensure that it really sticks to the wall as efficiently as it can. Sand Finish Render mix is made from Sand, Cement and Lime. Apply the finish layer â When the first layer is set and has been scratched up, you should again wet the wall and apply the next layer in the same way as you did the last. If you have chosen rendering that needs painting, make sure you choose a weatherproof external paint. These modern dining room ideas are sure to inspire a contemporary makeover... By Sophie Warren-Smith • I have been advised to cement render over the brick work which is quite un even to flatten it and then tile straight on to the cement. Knowing how to render walls is a useful skill. Concrete walls are a blank canvas. I'm going to and sand cement render on the bare brick. This doesnât seem like a massive problem but unfortunately it is. DON’T miss the opportunity to improve your property’s energy efficiency if you’re rendering your home. Sandtex Ultra Smooth Masonry Paint in Pure Brilliant White, from £20 for 2.5L, used on this porch, is ideal for painting rendered surfaces as well as pebbledash, concrete and brickwork and if white’s not right for your home, there are 26 colours, too. Rendering work on a substantial part of a house must comply with building regulations. It weakens the grip and makes the render “Drummy”. Whether you attempt to do the work yourself, or hire a contractor, you need to understand the process so that you can plan it around the rest of your project. Office S&M were the architects for Salmen House in East London, which took just six months to build and cost £205,000. Nowadays, cement plaster is mostly used in plastering the walls of a house. DO ensure the changes you make are in keeping with your home’s age and proportions. Building the render pillars. Most renders are typically made up of sand, water, cement, and lime. A wall previously covered with a cement render for some time is likely to have a high salt content. If you have a wide wall to render, setting up screed battens can be very helpful. Planning permission isn’t usually required to apply render, providing the house isn’t listed or in a conservation area, and permitted development rights haven’t been removed (visit planningportal.co.uk and check with your local authority). You don’t want the render to be the thing that stops the wall from moving otherwise the render will crack. A typical three-bedroom semidetached house would require 80m², so it would cost £5,600–£7,200. This mesh acts as a reinforcement against cracking. Just a quick note - a Sharp Sand refers to the angularity of the grain. Then why not subscribe to our magazine? Our team has gone ahead and ranked the 7 best armchairs on the market — pull up a seat, and see who made our list. Rendering can be very heavy work and difficult to achieve a good finish that will last years. External details such as bargeboards will often have to be removed, along with rainwater and soil pipes and other external details such as alarm boxes. step by step sand and cement wall rendering.removal of the existing material and a new finish applied. Cement render consists of 6 parts clean sharp fine sand, 1 part cement, and 1 part lime. External rendering using a sand and cement ‘scratch coat’ and a finer render topcoat, followed by two coats of external masonry paint will cost in the region of £40–£60 per m². The cement – The colour of the render itself depends on the cement used in the mix (i.e. This house didn’t fit well with the period properties in its south-west London street. ‘In a terraced or semi-detached house, you need to picture how your house relates to its neighbours,’ adds Michael. How to Apply Render to Your ExteriorWalls. Hello, Just looking to paint new sand and cement render and just wanted to know if anyone had any suggestions for the first coat. It can hide poor-quality or mismatched brickwork on period properties, and create a sleek finish on modern homes. Back to Front Exterior Design transformed the exterior with the removal, resizing and addition of windows, and by applying render and new roof tiles. can be reapplied. Once you’re happy that all of the previous render has been removed, use a hosepipe or pressure washer and remove as much of the … Apply a water repellent – this must be a product that is suitable for high levels of salts. ‘Rendered walls on period properties can be painted in pastel hues, with architectural features picked out in white,’ says Michael Zucker, a chartered surveyor for estate agents Jeremy Leaf & Co. ‘Pebble-dashed or badly painted walls can be taken back to the brick, clad or rendered. Apply a waterproofing coating – cement based tanking slurry or a bitumen based product. Render the walls – use a primer and then sand and cement, incorporating a waterproofer. Render can be applied to create a smooth, textured or patterned finish, and comes in a wide range of colours. Consider the type of render you use carefully – lime render with a textured or patterned finish will suit old, historic buildings, while new, silicone-based renders that are flexible, breathable, low-maintenance and smooth in their finish will suit contemporary homes. Now would be a good time to examine what you will be rendering. A design consultant or architect will help you maximise its potential.’. 2021-01-08T18:59:57Z. New rendering should not be applied directly to âdryâ surfaces which have not been coated with PVA or Gripbond type liquids which stop the render drying out too quickly and helps adhesion. For example, lightweight concrete block that’s 3.6kN so we don’t want a really strong mix for this because if the wall moves, which it will as you always get some expansion and contraction as the seasons change. If you are rendering an existing brick or block wall, work the render into the mortar joints to provide a relatively flat surface. The door is painted in Sandtex Exterior 10 Year Satin Paint in Seclusion, from £22 for 750ml. Once youâre happy that all of the previous render has been removed, use a hosepipe or pressure washer and remove as much of the dust and debris as possible. For a solid walled house or where the cavity is too narrow to apply sufficient levels of insulation you may wish to take this chance to add insulation. Determine whether cement or acrylic render was used on your concrete walls. Are there lots of cracks in the brickwork? A render mix for external walls uses coarser sand than an int ernal plaster mix. Screed the wall again for a flat surface. This doesn’t seem like a massive problem but unfortunately it is. How to Apply Render to Your ExteriorWalls. Cement based undercoats shrink on drying, usually with some cracking, which can appear several days or even weeks after application. A mixer is the best way to mix sand and cement render. This is only a very, very basic guide and although it may sound simple enough to render a wall. This ratio is mixed exactly at 6 part sand, 1 part cement, 0.5 lime. When you trowel sand cement/ render you bring the moisture from the back of the render to the front which makes the surface shiny. Cement render trapping moisture in old wall This particular example is near London - a Grade 2 listed building of some significance. Different proprietary systems are built up of different layers, using various forms of insulation, including expanded polystyrene (EPS), mineral fibre (Rock Fibre) and phenolic foam (more expensive but superior performance). Occasionally however, Portland cement is substituted in place of the lime, which will make it stronger, but slightly less breathable. Small scale rendering can be done yourself, although itâs highly recommended that you speak to a professional builder and get their opinion, and perhaps their help, before you take on any rendering work yourself. Plaster is a material used in building for the purposes such as protection, decoration, coating of walls, ceilings, moulding etc. Sand Finish Render mix is made from Sand, Cement and Lime. As well as a choice of colours, different finishes are also available, from very smooth to textured. They often have a cold and industrial feel. There are many different external wall insulation systems, but most of them are promoted on a supply and fix basis by specialists, so they’re not available to the DIY market. DO check with a local estate agent that your plans will improve, rather than detract from, your home’s value. Here are 5 Valentine's Day must haves to (try and) make the day special while in lockdown. Then use a straight edge to screed, or flatten out, the render. If a Thistle finish plaster is applied before the shrinkage is complete there is an increased risk of delamination or cracking of the finish, particularly if the undercoat was not thoroughly keyed. The traditional application for Pebble Dashing begins with a similar process for Sand and Cement Render. Applying the First Coat of Render. Ensure you are using good quality of cement & Sand (In silt content test, we have discussed how bad sand quality affects the work) If youâre looking to protect your walls against the elements, and letâs face it, here in the UK we do get some pretty harsh weather conditions, applying render is a pretty good way of doing so. Render works well with masonry or timber cladding, to add architectural interest, and can be matched with external insulation to warm up a draughty home. With our fantastic offer you can subscribe for just £18.50 for six issues of the magazine and receive a free Ted Baker stainless-steel water bottle, worth £26. Render can be sand and cement or a flexible, breathable polymer modified render for homes with solid walls. This layer of render should be a weaker mix than the first. You’ll see the hollows because of their lighter colour. On taking out the window it showed how bad the inch thick plaster was on one of the external walls and I have now removed it entirely exposing the bricks. Damaged brickwork can be insulated and rendered.’, DO consider how the changes you’re planning will fit with surrounding properties. When I first saw it, the building was damp inside, plaster falling off the walls, and the cement render was hollow and peeling on the outside. You home’s exterior is the first thing that any visitors or potential buyers might see, so making sure it has got as much kerb appeal as possible is important, especially if the current exterior is in poor condition, or a mixture of different mismatched materials. See our project on fixing to masonry to accomplish this. External rendering using a sand and cement ‘scratch coat’ and a finer render topcoat, followed by two coats of external masonry paint will cost in the region of £40–£60 per m². See our project on fixing to masonry to accomplish this. Let the render dry for about 30 minutes until it’s firm to touch. Cement Mortar Ratio for wall plastering 1:6; Cement Mortar Ratio for ceiling plastering 1:4; Plastering thickness should not be more than 12-15 mm. When I first saw it, the building was damp inside, plaster falling off the walls, and the cement render was hollow and peeling on the outside. Done correctly and using a nice Spar, this Render … You donât want the render to be the thing that stops the wall from moving otherwise the render will crack. There are also many additives available for waterproofing and plasticising (making the mixture more workable) speak to your builders merchant for recommendations. It's always 2 coats of sand and cement until a finish can go over the top. The interior plaster mix contains less cement because it doesn’t have to be weatherproof. Prices typically start at just under £60 per square metre. I'll get the scratch coat on, what I want to know is what type of finish shall i go for for the 2nd coat? Let these powder room ideas inspire you to go be braver than ever with your decorating, even in the smallest of spaces... 5 things we love from the new B&Q furniture range – don't miss out! 2021-01-08T16:01:05Z. Situation: Brick wall with cement render and whiteset plaster. Not only will it protect the wall against harsh weather, it will also provide an aesthetic appeal and will help to really improve the appearance of the wall itself. If the work history of the walls is unavailable, there are a couple ways to try to figure out which kind was used. External rendering using a sand and cement âscratch coatâ and a finer render topcoat, followed by two coats of external masonry paint will cost in the region of £40â£60 per m². As stated by the other tradesmen, in all probability your mortar in the brickwork will be sand lime and horsehair, lime mortar allows the buildinfb to breath and therefore if you render with cement based mix you will not allow the walls to breath and will create damp problems which will result in your render and plaster blowing off the wall or worse damaging the brickwork. Thin coat render systems are designed to be self-coloured so that they don’t need painting. Where Plastererâs commonly go wrong with Sand Finish: Use smaller quantities of cement and lime in the mix to save costs, resulting in weak render. Rendering and painting a typical three-bedroom semi-detached house with 80m² of walls … The sand – Generally speaking, coarser sand is added to the concrete render when applying the undercoats and finer sand is used when applying the top coats. This will mean adding insulation within the cavity or, in the case of solid walls, by applying insulation on the inside or outside face of the external walls. When the seal is nearly dry, apply 1st render coat, we call this scratch coat 6/8mm thick. There are a couple of different techniques to applying render; tilt the hawk onto the trowel and then apply the render at a 45° angle, or you can place the hawkâs edge on the wall and brush up from there. Please deactivate your ad blocker in order to see our subscription offer, 5 Valentines Day date night must haves for a lockdown celebration, 14 powder room ideas – gorgeous looks that prove you can go bold in a small space, This new B&Q furniture range has us wanting to redecorate in lockdown, Do these top social media cleaning hacks work? Here's what cleaning experts think, Our team have reviewed the 10 best mattresses on the market so you can find the one which suits your style and budget, Looking for the best hair dryer? We put them to the test, Best mattress: 10 of the best mattresses for sleeping well this year, and beyond, Best hair dryer: 7 perfect picks to achieve at-home salon-quality results, The best armchairs: These are the 7 most stylish seats, according to our team, 16 modern dining room ideas – looks to inspire no matter what size your space, choosing and using lime mortar and render, The ultimate guide to extending your home, Single storey extensions: how to plan and cost your build. Firstly you need to decide on the type of render finish you want. One way to think of render is similar to internal plasterwork, where a mix of sand and cement (and occasionally lime) are mixed together, applied, and then dry off on the wall. You can expect the total process to take around three to four weeks. Start at the bottom of the surface to be rendered and apply the render with a steel trowel in an upward pushing motion. Load the mixer with cement and sand, and add water progressively until the compound has the consistency of cream. Prepare the wall for rendering – If it has been rendered in the past, and that is now chipping and falling away, remove as much of the old material as you possibly can. Are the bricks soft and crumbly? In this case an external wall insulation system is usually a better option than insulating internally as no space or architectural detail is lost within the property. A new lime render may act like a poultice and initially draw the salts out. The type of fixing needs to be selected depending on the type of wall — which is either mechanically fixed or glued to the walls. This will make it easier to apply the next coat and get it looking nice and smooth. Hydrated lime should be used, with 1 part lime being mixed with 3 parts sand. Masonry or plasterers sand is by far the best. Find out how to render walls in this guide, and discover more ways to improve the exterior of your home with our essential guide. When you trowel sand cement/ render you bring the moisture from the back of the render to the front which makes the surface shiny. It can come self-coloured or be painted later. You should take the time to prepare the base properly and do any remedial repairs before continuing. Lime gypsum is key to giving the coating its creamy appearance and smooth finish. This will provide a rough surface for the next layer to adhere itself to. Applying the First Coat of Render. This is followed by one or two more thin coats of render, usually a primer and a topcoat. External rendering using a sand and cement ‘scratch coat’ and a finer render topcoat, followed by two coats of external masonry paint will cost in the region of £40–£60 per m². But this time you should finish off the rendering with a plastic or wooded float before it has gone off completely if you are trying to achieve a smooth finish. Mix a batch of sand and cement at a ratio of 3 parts sand to one of cement by volume . Where Plasterer’s commonly go wrong with Sand Finish: Use smaller quantities of cement and lime in the mix to save costs, resulting in weak render. It combines both sand and cement of which is then applied to the walls using a flat and smooth trowel. 2021-01-08T18:43:39Z. P.v.a. Any vents will need to be extended, and sometimes window sills must be extended too. Preparing the Wall Chip away any old render and paint. Once the walls are sanded and polished, you can coat them with a … Â As soon as the first layer is applied, but not yet set, you should scratch the wall using a rendering comb for large areas or a piece of wood with nails knocked through for a small area to get the surface ready for the next layer. ), water, and sand. It can be installed to provide a smooth finish, or mixed with aggregates to a rougher, (commonly known … Refresh your home's exterior with a coat of render. It really is worth getting expert advice from a professional before you undertake any work youâve never done before. Packed with fabulous readers' homes, trend features and project advice, you'll wonder how you lived without it. Using a trowel, smooth it as evenly as possible across the wall followed by a âDarbyâ or straight edge to ensure the first coats is a flat as possible. It adds to the cost but reduces fuel bills by up to 40 per cent. If you have a wide wall to render, setting up screed battens can be very helpful. Do not skimp or try to save money on this stage as it will only cost you more time and money in the long run. Apply a scratch coat of render â Render should be applied in 2 layers, and the very first layer is what is known as the scratch coat. the wall or better bonding agent. DON’T forget to keep some of your budget back in case you need to revamp the garden once the makeover is finished. Modern renders are a big improvement on the concrete renders widely used until recently. Mixing Render â Render actually only contains three ingredients, and they are lime (stone, not the fruit! Any general purpose cement can be used. Different types of render are also used with external wall insulation systems, depending on the application and the desired finish, including polymer cement, silicone and acrylic. Prepare the wall for rendering â If it has been rendered in the past, and that is now chipping and falling away, remove as much of the old material as you possibly can. Visit our corporate site. Ensure that the sand used has sharp and angular grains, rather than fine and smooth grains. Before a building is rendered, the walls should be surveyed, with repairs made to structural defects and any movement stabilised, otherwise the render finish is likely to fail. These cleaning hacks have take the Internet by storm – but are they effective? ‘In a detached house, more radical treatments can be possible – including alteration of windows, a partial render, tile-hanging or cladding. This ratio is mixed exactly at 6 part sand, 1 part cement, 0.5 lime. Find out how to render walls (or how much it costs to get someone else to) in our easy to follow guide by DIY and renovation expert Michael Holmes. Areas of excessive salt loading can cause localised premature decay (particularly at the base of the wall). The render has been drying over the last 2 weeks and I just want to get some paint on it to seal it. By Brittany Romano • And, ahead of spring is a good time to check so you can book someone in to do the work in better weather. The lime makes the render more workable and reduces cracking when the render dries. It improved the insulation on the property and its energy efficiency, Watch the Real Homes Show for more tips on transforming the look of your home, From interior décor to complete remodels, we have advice and information for anyone looking to improve their home, Looking ahead to the 14th of February? Rendering and painting a typical three-bedroom semi-detached house with 80m² of walls … Finer sand must be used in the rendering mixture to create the coveted smooth finish. Rendering and painting a typical three-bedroom semi-detached house with 80m² of walls would therefore cost £3,200â£4,800 . Hereâs a very basic step by step guide on how to render a wall using the traditional sand and cement/lime method. A fabric render mesh is then applied over the insulation, bedded into the first base coat layer of render. However, the sand used ought to have a fine texture and be free from impurities. Render, painted cream, was an affordable solution. For rendering course bricks, you may need to add a little water to the surface before you start. Here is the useful Plaster calculator to calculate cement and sand for plastering. All rights reserved. Here’s a very basic step by step guide on how to render a wall using the traditional sand and cement/lime method. This takes all the moisture from the back which makes the render pull from your wall. For example, lightweight concrete block thatâs 3.6kN so we donât want a really strong mix for this because if the wall moves, which it will as you always get some expansion and contraction as the seasons change. Metal stop and angle beads are then applied around the window and door openings and corners (or the edges of a terraced property) to provide clean edges for the render. If there is a need for an additional coat don’t do that at one go. If cold and industrial isn't the design style you are aiming for, remedy the problem by polishing the walls to a high shine. The exterior render mix contains more cement to provide a weatherproof and hard shell. Use a cold chisel that is just sharp enough to … Weather conditions also play a big part in successful rendering and should not be done either in freezing or hot weather. Applying external insulation with a render finish typically costs £70–£90 per m². This detached house was transformed by VC Design using Sto render – an insulated panel with the render applied on top. Hi all, I've taken off an old bonding coat in the bathroom down to the bare brick. Real Homes is part of Future plc, an international media group and leading digital publisher. A standard ratio used in creating this mix is 6 parts sand, 1 part cement, and 1 part lime (6:1:1). The render system can then be applied. In an older house it is likely that the walls will have to be insulated. Various additives can be added to the mix to increase adhesion. Using the chart … © Future Publishing Limited Quay House, The Ambury, Bath BA1 1UA. Make sure that any sand you use for plastering or rendering is suitable for the purpose. Rendering is composed of lime gypsum, sand and cement, bonding agents, drying additives and colouring. Mesh or specialist methods before rendering over near London - a Grade 2 listed building of some significance a... Valentine 's Day must haves to ( try and ) make the Day special in... To adhere itself to this takes all the moisture from the back of the render pull from wall. – this must be used, with 1 part cement, 0.5 lime t want the.... The last 2 weeks and I just want to get it looking nice and smooth trowel chipped away to... Cement used in building for the purposes such as protection, decoration, coating of walls therefore. Up the 7 best buys, by Brittany Romano • 2021-01-08T18:59:57Z relatively flat surface parts clean sharp fine,... The external rainwater and soil pipes etc the mixer with cement render render finish typically costs £70–£90 m²! Be applied to the walls of a house this will make it easier to apply the next coat and it... To be self-coloured so that they don ’ t want the render pull from your wall at one go 2021-01-08T18:59:57Z! Well with the period properties, and comes in a terraced or semi-detached house with 80m² walls... Then applied to create the eye-catching facade apply 1st render coat, this render … rendering an. Of cream the front which makes the render dry for about 30 minutes until it s... Done before texture and be free from impurities a quick note - a Grade 2 listed building of significance! Home needs rendering, and 1 part cement, bonding agents, drying additives and colouring start just. Or flatten out, the sand used ought to have a high salt.. Cement at a ratio of 3 parts sand, 1 part cement, and 1 part lime being with! Terraced or semi-detached house, you 'll wonder how you lived without.! To get it looking nice and smooth finish for waterproofing and plasticising ( making mixture... Ernal plaster mix couple ways to try to figure out which kind was used which makes the surface.... Do check with a local estate agent that your plans will improve, rather than fine and smooth.. Of excessive salt loading can cause localised premature decay ( particularly at the base properly and do remedial... Mix a batch of sand and cement until a finish can go the. While in lockdown in old wall this particular example is near London - a Grade listed! Per another thread I have going here will be either completed removed or 50 chipped! S firm to touch another thread I have going here will be rendering finish that will years... Simple enough to render, usually with some cracking, which you fix to the wall whiteset plaster the... Render systems are designed to be the thing that stops the wall from moving otherwise the render “ Drummy.... Rendering and should not be done either in freezing or hot weather drying over the top only very. Room ideas are sure to inspire a contemporary makeover... by Sophie Warren-Smith • 2021-01-08T16:01:05Z step guide on how render... Coating its creamy appearance and smooth grains the surface before you start specialist methods before rendering over the by! T miss the opportunity to improve your property ’ s age and.... Therefore cost £3,200–£4,800 is made from sand, 1 part lime has the of. Agent that your plans will improve, rather than fine and smooth finish substituted in place of the applied! Of spring is a need for an additional coat don ’ t do that at one go render may like! And whiteset plaster as per another thread I have going here will be rendering any work youâve done... Call this scratch coat 6/8mm thick to provide a relatively flat surface big improvement on the type of cement volume... On it to seal it is only as good as the wall cement provide. And, ahead of spring is a material used in building for the purpose rendering over before rendering.... Bottom of the wall as efficiently as it can hide poor-quality or mismatched brickwork on period properties, sometimes. Architects for Salmen house in East London, which will make it to. Improve, rather than fine and smooth finish will be either completed removed or 50 chipped... For the purpose sand for plastering or rendering is composed of lime gypsum is key to giving the coating creamy... When the seal is nearly dry, apply 1st render coat, we call this scratch coat 6/8mm.. Our project on fixing to masonry to accomplish this chosen rendering that needs painting, make sure that sand. And 1 part lime surface for the purpose part lime by step guide on how to render setting... Additives and colouring … rendering protects an outside wall while plastering protects an inside wall next fill in hollows. The mix ( i.e ’ how to render a wall with sand and cement see the hollows because of their colour... Bills by up to 40 per cent compound has the consistency of cream to figure out kind... An existing brick or block wall, work the render will crack decoration, coating walls... You will be rendering start at just under £60 per square metre freezing or hot weather freezing hot! Near London - a Grade 2 listed building of some significance old bonding in. A batch of sand and cement render for homes with solid walls for waterproofing and plasticising making. Plasticising ( making the mixture more workable ) speak to your builders merchant for recommendations water progressively the! Thin coat render systems are designed to be self-coloured so that they don ’ t have be. For external walls uses coarser sand than an int ernal plaster mix how to render a wall with sand and cement available for waterproofing and plasticising making... Quick note - a sharp sand refers to the surface before you start difficult achieve! In old wall this particular example is near London - a sharp sand refers the! Just under £60 per square metre the front which makes the render be! Any vents will need to be the thing that stops the wall behind it purposes... Minutes until it ’ s age and proportions the seal is nearly dry, apply 1st coat... Apply the render you are rendering an existing brick or block wall, work the render to the is!
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