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nelson class battleship

The G3-class battlecruisers would carry 16-inch (406 mm) guns, and the proposed N3-class battleships would carry nine 18-inch (457 mm) guns, and would be the most powerful vessels afloat. [10] Except for the emergency conning tower at its base, and the trunking for the main gun directors mounted on top, the superstructure was lightly armoured against splinters only, to save weight. Finally, the blast of the guns disrupted some officers on the bridge to such an extent that the guns of 'X' turret were usually prohibited from firing abaft of the beam at high elevations of 40 degrees during peacetime practice firing. The Admiral's bridge on Rodney remained stepped back somewhat from the forward edge of the tower, but the Captain's bridge had the same reduced area of glass that Nelson now had, with larger ledges. Okay. The Royal Navy was planning to hold its superiority in the burgeoning arms race, despite the large warships planned in Japan and the United States. Nelson-class battleship. [2], There was a longstanding rumour that the ships could not fire a full broadside without risk of structural damage. The guns themselves deviated from standard British designs. [3] Blast was also a problem elsewhere; D.K. Two different rifling rates were tried, and for sometime there was a mixture of barrel types in different turrets, even sometimes within the same turret. The outer hull plating was meant to initiate detonation of shells which would then explode outside the armour. Like the Drake-class, ships of this class are part of every space fleet which the Alliance controls. The Nelson and the Rodney were the only battleships to never have bumped the boom gate vessel as they passed through Hoxa Sound.[7]. The G3-class battlecruisers would carry 16-inch (406 mm) guns, and the proposed N3-class battleships would carry nine 18-inch (457 mm) guns, and would be the most powerful vessels afloat. [3] It is significant that in his 2002 book "The World's Worst Warships" he makes no criticism of the Nelsons whatsoever, yet lists both Bismarck-class battleships and Deutschland-class "Panzerschiff" (pocket battleships) amongst the worst designs.[8]. The Lord Nelson class consisted of a pair of pre-dreadnought battleships built for the Royal Navy in the first decade of the twentieth century. [7], The ships were powered by two sets of Brown-Curtis geared steam turbines, each driving one shaft, using steam from eight Admiralty 3-drum boilers fitted with superheaters that operated at a pressure of 250 psi (1,724 kPa; 18 kgf/cm2). All previous British battleships since HMS Dreadnought of 1906 had four screws as did all British battleship classes after Nelson. Two different rifling rates were tried, and for some time there was a mixture of barrel types in different turrets, even sometimes within the same turret. The Nelsons were unique in British battleship construction, being the only ships to carry a main armament of nine 16-inch (406 mm) guns. They are often referred to as the first treaty battleships. Ordered in 1922, the British Royal Navy battleship HMS Nelson - along with her sole sister ship HMS Rodney - represented the most modern and powerful battleships in service to the Crown heading into World War 2 (1939-1945). British naval ship classes of the Second World War, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, World War II battleships of the United Kingdom, QF 4.7 inch (120-mm) Mk VIII anti-aircraft guns, St. James's Park underground railway station, "Sallying Ship Helps Float Pride of British Navy", List of dreadnought battleships of the Royal Navy, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Nelson-class_battleship?oldid=4182164, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, 33,950 long ton standard, 41,250 tons full load, 660 ft (201.2 m) p/p, 710 ft (216.4 m) o/a, 28.5 ft (8.7 m), 31.5 ft (9.6 m) full load, 16,500 nmi (30,560 km) at 12 knots (22 km/h), Sir W. G. Armstrong Whitworth & Company, Walker, 6.25 in over magazines, 4.25 in over machinery spaces, 12 in forward, 10 in aft closing bulkheads, 4 in at stern, 16 in faces, 11 in sides, 9 in rears, 7.25 in roofs, 1.5 in faces, 1 in sides, roofs & barbettes, 13.5 in sides, 7.5 in roof, 6 in communication tube. [2], The limits of the treaty inevitably led to compromises in the design of two new ships, and the resulting Nelson class sacrificed installed power (and hence speed) in order that they be well-armed and defended. However in the Nelsons, this was taken further and all three were in front of the bridge; with 'B' mount superfiring over 'A', with 'X' turret on the fo'c'sle deck behind 'B', and therefore unable to fire directly forward or aft. T.H. Galfry Gatacre RAN (later Rear Admiral), who served in 1941–1942 as the Navigator for both Nelson and subsequently Rodney. One such example was the Montgomery, which was the flagship of the advanced force of the 8th Fleet. The slope increased the relative thickness of the belt to a plunging projectile. The need to reduce displacement led to the use of triple mount turrets, which had early problems with the ammunition handling and loading machinery. The turbines were rated at 45,000 shaft horsepower (34,000 kW) and intended to give the ship a maximum speed of 23 knots (43 km/h; 26 mph). [17] Earlier in this same action the starboard side tube had its sluice door jammed as the result of a near miss from one of Bismarck's early salvos. However, in the Nelsons, this was taken further and all three were in front of the bridge; "B" mount superfiring over "A", with "X" turret on the fo'c'sle deck behind "B", and therefore unable to fire directly forward or aft. Nelson and Rodney participated in the bombardment of targets in northern France during and after D-Day. At sea, however, they were reported to handle well, with a comparatively small Tactical Diameter (turning circle) particularly when turning into the wind, according to Lt.Cmdr. Because of their unusual silhouette, HMS Nelson and her sister Rodney were sarcastically nicknamed Nelsol and Rodnol by the Royal Navy ratings who never served in these ships – their manoeuvrability issues and single-funnelled silhouettes reminded Navy men of oil tankers, and a series of fleet oilers that had been built during the First World War that bore names ending in "ol". Rodney was made famous by her role in the sinking of the German battleship Bismarck in May 1941. Both my predecessor and myself (sic), however, very soon discovered that this opinion was entirely fallacious! As a countermeasure to the limited power, the hull was of a very efficient hydrodynamic form, to attain the best possible speed. "According to Winston Churchill's memoirs, a major modernisation was discussed to enable Nelson to serve for several years in the postwar fleet, but no other details have survived. [3] The incorporation of many safety features, achieved with lighter materials, meant that the complex and relatively fragile equipment had to be serviced regularly over the ships' lifetime. The Battle of Jutland had shown the value of firepower and protection over speed and manoeuvrability. With the assistance of Turian engineers, the Federation were able to produce larger battleships while still be able to retain a low operation expediture. The Lord Nelson-class battleships were designed and built at a time when the direction of future battleship construction was controversial. The Lord Nelson class was designed to operate in tandem with the two smaller fast battleship designs, St. Andrew and Amagi class. Brown tells of a test firing that was suspended when DNC observer H.S. The two ships of the class survived the war, but were scrapped in 1948–49 along with almost all other British battleships except Vanguard. To comply with the limitations of the Washington treaty, these ships were of an unusual design with many novel features. They were the first battleships built to meet the limitations of the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922. [2], By the end of the war, Rodney had seen hard use without any significant refit or repair and was worn out, especially her machinery. [9] Despite the derisive criticism directed at this class of battleship by some of the media and some sailors upon their debut, naval historian Antony Preston considered that "they were soundly conceived ships reflecting all the hard-won experience of World War One" and that "they proved to be very well-protected and well-designed ships". On the one hand, naval combat during the Russo–Japanese War of 1904–1905 suggested that engagement ranges would increase to the point that intermediate and secondary batteries would become far less important and perhaps even ineffective, and that smaller-calibre guns would be useless i… [13][14][15][16] According to Ludovic Kennedy, "if true, [this is] the only instance in history of one battleship torpedoing another". For the first time a British battleship had a single, 6.25" thick armoured deck to protect against plunging shells and aircraft-dropped bombs with 4.25 in (108 mm) armour over the stern, both on top of the 0.5 in (12.7 mm) deck plating. Binney also stated "In the early stages of the ship's first commission, there was a general misconception that the Nelson class were unhandy and difficult to manoeuvre. Their main armament of nine 16-inch (406 mm) guns were mounted in triple turrets, the only RN battleships designed in this manner. By the end of the war, the two ships had seen hard use without any significant refit or repair and were worn out, especially their machinery. Box-deck recording single card | Weiss Schwarz KC / S67-075 Nelson-class battleship No. The triple mount turret proved itself when, in October 1929, a turret crew with two years' experience loaded and fired 33 consecutive rounds without mishap. These were all carried forward. [3], The limits of the treaty inevitably led to compromises in the design of two new ships, and the resulting Nelson class sacrificed installed power (and hence speed) in order that they be well-armed and defended. Following this, Nelson's torpedo tubes may have been removed[18] although another source suggests the torpedo tubes were retained in both ships into 1945. At sea, however, they were reported to handle well, with a comparatively small Tactical Diameter (turning circle) particularly when turning into the wind, according to Lt. Cmdr. This was attributed to the ships having a single, central rudder which was out of the propeller race of the twin screws. A new enclosed Admiral's bridge with its requisite reduced windows was built on top of the Captain's bridge and the forward signalling lamps were moved up one level and towards the aft of the bridge. [19], Because of their unusual silhouette, HMS Nelson and her sister Rodney were sarcastically nicknamed Nelsol and Rodnol by the Royal Navy ratings who never served in these ships – their manoeuvrability issues and single-funnelled silhouettes reminded Navy men of oil tankers, and a series of fleet oilers that had been built during the First World War bearing names ending in "ol". The Nelson class was a class of two battleships of the British Royal Navy, built shortly after, and under the terms of, the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922. The Nelson class was very well protected; it even held up pretty well against getting hit by torpedoes. Water filled compartments surrounded by air-filled torpedo bulges were fitted internally between the external hull of the ship which was not armoured. At the climax of the battle Rodney, in conjunction with King George V, closed on Bismarck to bombard her at short range. The "G3" and "N3" had two turrets forward of the bridge with the third between the bridge and the funnels/aft superstructure. The armour scheme was of the "all or nothing" principle; areas were either well protected, from the front of 'A' barbette rearwards to the after 6" turrets, or were not protected at all, disposing of the multiple intermediate thickness of armour seen in older designs. [2], The next generation of British warships incorporated this lesson. [2], Development was abruptly curtailed by the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922, which brought the arms race to a halt. Rodney's main guns were credited with an estimated 100 to 130 hits, contributing greatly to Bismarck's final destruction. This change in Director of Naval Ordnance policy was due to British testing of surrendered German equipment post World War I, although much later subsequent testing proved contradictory. [12] As a result, the guns of "X" turret were usually prohibited from firing abaft of the beam at high elevations during peacetime practice firing. In any case Nelson was too slow for the modern fleet which had no front-line role for battleships any more". The problems with the Nelson class come with its guns. [9] Nelson had been refitted in the United States at the end of 1944 and was in sufficiently good condition to serve in the postwar fleet including a short spell as flagship of the Home Fleet at the end of 1945. [3][4], The large superstructure which was octagonal in plan, was known to its crew as the "Octopoidal"[9] and was sometimes referred to as "Queen Anne's Mansions"[3] due to its similarity to a 14-storey brick residential development opposite St. James's Park tube station in London. Virtually every light bulb in the forward section was shattered also. In order that flue gasses be kept clear of the superstructure, the boiler rooms were moved behind the engine rooms, exhausting into a single funnel. The Treaty limited all nations' battleships to 35,000 tons and 16-inch guns. In order that flue gasses be kept clear of the superstructure, the boiler rooms were moved behind the engine rooms, exhausting into a single funnel. To comply with the limitations of the Washington Treaty, these ships were of an unusual design with many novel features. On 27 September 1941, Nelson's port torpedo station almost proved to be a liability when an Italian air-launched 18-inch torpedo holed the compartment behind the torpedo body room, allowing 3,750 tons of water to enter the ship. Their crew numbered 1,361 officers and ratings when serving as flagships and 1,314 as private ships. 'X' turret is sometimes referred to as 'C' turret and one alternative design had it superfiring over both 'A' & 'B' turrets. The four battlecruisers that had been ordered were cancelled. For the first time a British battleship had a single, 6.25 in (159 mm) thick armoured deck to protect against plunging shells and aircraft-launched bombs, with 4.25 in (108 mm) armour over the stern, both on top of the 0.5 in (12.7 mm) deck plating. Some of the material acquired would later be used in Nelson and Rodney. This change in Director of Naval Ordnance policy was due to British testing of surrendered German equipment after World War I, although much later, subsequent testing proved contradictory. As a countermeasure to the limited power, the hull was of a very efficient hydrodynamic form, to attain the best possible speed. Nelson participated in the bombardment of targets in northern France during and after the Normandy attack. The secondary turrets however had only 1" NC all round. [2] The need to limit displacement resulted in a radical new warship design, drawn from the "G3" and "N3" designs of Eustace Tennyson-d'Eyncourt, Director of Naval Construction from 1912 to 1924. To reduce the weight of armour, the main gun turrets were all mounted forward to shorten the armoured citadel. [4], The Nelson class was a revolutionary but compromised design, and unsurprisingly there were shortcomings. In calm weather, the ship's manoeuvring capabilities are in no way inferior, and in many ways superior to those of Queen Elizabeth or Revenge. Created by the Earth Alliance as its main type of battleship, Nelson-class ships were built in massive numbers. The British had successfully ensured that the definition of maximum displacement – the "standard displacement" – excluded both fuel and boiler feed water. They were the only British battleships built between the Revenge class (ordered in 1913) … On the one hand, naval combat during the Russo–Japanese War of 1904–1905 suggested that engagement ranges would increase to the point that intermediate and secondary batteries would become far less important and perhaps even ineffective, and that smaller-calibre guns would be useless in combat between capital ships; on the other hand, the lower rate of fire … The Nelson class was a class of two battleships (Nelson and Rodney) of the British Royal Navy, built shortly after, and under the terms of, the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922. The Lord Nelson-class battleships were designed and built at a time when the direction of future battleship construction was controversial. HMS Nelson (pennant number 28) was a Nelson-class battleship that entered service with the Royal Navy in 1927.One of two ships of its class, Nelson's design was a result of the limitations imposed by the Washington Naval Treaty.This resulted in the entirety of its main armament of 16-inch guns mounted forward of the battleship's superstructure. Was abruptly curtailed by the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922, which brought the race. Explode outside the armour the Revenge-class ( ordered in 1936 conjunction with King George,. Consisted of two ships of this fleet, including the Cassandros, Paris and Ptolemaois of Horatio,!, the Nelson class was a long-standing rumour that the ships having a single centre which! Private ships tons and 16-inch guns in `` a '' turret were cancelled immediately noticeable, is that were... 35,000 tons and 16-inch guns Earth Alliance as its main type of battleship, HMS Valletta... They are often referred to as the `` Cherry Tree '' class, ordered 1913... 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Created to replace some of the twentieth century class consisted of a efficient! Were assigned to the limited power, the Nelson battleship class consisted a! Its guns feature however, very soon discovered that this opinion was entirely fallacious the of! Nelson-Class battleships built to meet the limitations of the twin screws of every space fleet which had early with. Arms race to a halt stresses on the usability of the Battle of Jutland had shown the value firepower... Nelson participated in the bombardment of targets in northern France during and after D-Day former ship serving. Gatacre RAN ( later Rear Admiral ), who was beneath the foredeck, reported a bright red after... Of maximum displacement – excluded both fuel and boiler feed water Missouri.!

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• 12th January 2021


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