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cadmium sulfide toxicity

Introduction: Cadmium, a rare but widely dispersed element, is found naturally in the environment. USA.gov. Cadmium sulfide is a yellow solid. [19] The proximity of its band gap to visible light wavelengths gives it a coloured appearance. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. Their small size allows their ready entry into living cells, but as yet no attempt has been made to assess their toxicity. T1 - Cadmium sulfide-induced toxicity in the cortex and cerebellum. Cadmium zinc sulfide ((Cd,Zn)S) B-3-Zh. 6, 215–222 (2011). 2014 Nov;251(6):1373-86. doi: 10.1007/s00709-014-0639-7. Most of the cadmium produced today is obtained from zinc byproducts and recovered from spent nickel-cadmium batteries. T2 - In vitro and in vivo studies. In contrast, elevated H. Would you like email updates of new search results? Cadmium sulfide quantum dots (CdS QDs) are used in the manufacture of a number of electronics products. Cadmium sulfide; CAS: 1306-23-6; EC: 215-147-8; Formula: CdS; Physical and chemical properties, preparation and purification methods and more at chemdb.net. 154, 294–299 (2008).  |  Problems of biocompatibility have been reported when CdS is used as colors in tattoos. Interpretation of results (migrated information): positive This study reported that Cadmium sulfide (form unspecified) induced chromosomal aberrations in cultured human lymphocyes. Cadmium Toxicity. Epub 2014 Apr 22. Thin films of CdS can be piezoelectric and have been used as transducers which can operate at frequencies in the GHz region. Ali B, Gill RA, Yang S, Gill MB, Ali S, Rafiq MT, Zhou W. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. [7] As a pigment, CdS is known as cadmium yellow (CI pigment yellow 37). [5]The preparative route and the subsequent treatment of the product, affects the polymorphic form that is produced (i.e., cubic vs hexagonal). H341 Suspected of causing genetic defects. "National Research Council. We investigated the physiological and biochemical mechanisms by which H2S mitigates the cadmium stress in rice. [20] There is also a high pressure form with the NaCl rock salt structure.[20]. Cadmium sulfide is the inorganic compound with the formula CdS. [6], Pigment production usually involves the precipitation of CdS, the washing of the solid precipitate to remove soluble cadmium salts followed by calcination (roasting) to convert it to the hexagonal form followed by milling to produce a powder. AU - Varmazyari, Atefeh. [36], hawleyite: [SH+2]12[CdH2-2][SH+2]3[CdH2-2][SH+2]([CdH-2]14)[CdH-2]1[S+2]5([CdH-2]38)[Cd-2]26[SH+2]2[CdH-2]([S+2]4)[SH+2]1[CdH2-2][SH+2]3[CdH-2]2[S+2][CdH-2]([SH+2]6[CdH-2]([SH+2])[SH+2]68)[SH+2]([CdH2-2]6)[CdH-2]35, greenockite: [CdH2-2]1[S+2]47[CdH-2]2[S+2][CdH-2]3[S+2]8([CdH2-2][SH+2]([CdH2-2]4)[CdH2-2]6)[CdH-2]4[S+2][CdH-2]5[S+2]6([CdH2-2]6)[Cd-2]78[S+2]78[CdH-2]([SH+2]69)[SH+2]5[CdH2-2][SH+2]4[CdH-2]7[SH+2]3[CdH2-2][SH+2]2[CdH-2]8[SH+2]1[CdH2-2]9, greenockite: [CdH2-2]1[SH+2]([CdH2-2]6)[CdH2-2][SH+2]7[CdH-2]2[S+2][Cd-2]3([S+2][CdH-2]9[S+2]5)[S+2]18[Cd-2]45[S+2][CdH-2]5[SH+2]6[Cd-2]78[S+2]78[CdH2-2][SH+2]5[CdH2-2][S+2]4([CdH2-2][SH+2]9[CdH2-2]4)[CdH-2]7[S+2]34[CdH2-2][SH+2]2[CdH2-2]8, Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their, Egon Wiberg, Arnold Frederick Holleman (2001), Mario Schiavello (1985) Photoelectrochemistry, Photocatalysis, and Photoreactors: Fundamentals and Developments Springer. Specifications of Cadmium Sulfide: CAS No: 1306-23-6 Molecular Formula: CdS Molecular Weight: 144.47 g/mol 2、Cadmium sulfide can be produced from volatile cadmium alkyls, an example is the reaction of dimethylcadmium with diethyl sulfide to produce a film of CdS … Exogenous sodium nitroprusside and glutathione alleviate copper toxicity by reducing copper uptake and oxidative damage in rice (Oryza sativa L.) seedlings. [8][9], Special methods are used to produce films of CdS as components in some photoresistors and solar cells. Bangladesh J. Agril. Toxicologic Assessment of the Army's Zinc Cadmium Sulfide Dispersion Tests.Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. AU - Baris, Ozlem. Mater 2013;260:1073-82. Cadmium is a natural element in the earth's crust. CADMIUM SULFIDE . Cadmium is used in nickel-cadmium batteries, paint pigments and metal plating. toxicity and related data on zinc cadmium sulfide Data on the toxicity of ZnCdS are sparse. Cadmium zinc sulphide. AU - Sevim, Cigdem. All soils and rocks, including coal and mineral fertilizers, contain some cadmium. yielded significant increase in Cd-MT (cadmium metallothionein), lipid … Environmental exposure to cadmium has been particularly problematic in Japan where many people have consumed rice that was grown in cadmium-contaminated irrigation water. J. Excessive Cd can induce reactive oxygen species (ROS) production by depleting antioxidant levels. This study aims to explore the possible mechanism of liver injury induced by Nano‐CdS and whether resveratrol can reduce the damage. Cadmium is used in nickel-cadmium batteries, paint pigments and metal plating. The more stable hexagonal wurtzite structure (found in the mineral Greenockite) and the cubic zinc blende structure (found in the mineral Hawleyite). Behav. Current Problems of Labor Hygiene," Tarasenko, N.Y., ed. Toxicity of cadmium sulfide (CdS) nanoparticles against Escherichia coli and HeLa cells.  |  eCollection 2020. 1997. Product Name: Cadmium Sulfide . Cadmium Sulfide is a yellow to orange colored, crystalline, inorganic compound that forms toxic fumes of cadmium oxides when heated. The organisms have evolved sophisticated defense system to alleviate heavy metal toxicity. See this image and copyright information in PMC. By contrast, adding H2S-scavenger hypotaurine abolished the beneficial effect of H2S, further strengthening the clear role of H2S in alleviating cadmium toxicity in rice. Hazard Statements: H302: Harmful if swallowed. It is usually found as a mineral combined with other elements such as oxygen (cadmium oxide), chlorine (cadmium chloride), or sulfur (cadmium sulfate, cadmium sulfide). For instance, personals working in metal smelting and refining plants, and manufacturing of plastic, solar panels and batteries [4]. Cadmium Sulfide is a crystalline solid used as a semiconductor and in photo optic applications. 1, 1A, or 1B. Antioxidants (Basel). A Schematic diagram representing Cd-induced…, Figure 6. More information about reproductive toxicity here. AU - Aschner, Michael. II: suppression of cadmium uptake and accumulation into rice grains due to application of magnesium oxide materials. Substance details. Growth and sulfide production of Trichosporon jirovecii was monitored on four different culture media and its capability to overcome cadmium toxicity at a concen- Cadmium sulfide nanocrystals characterization tration of 0.1 mM was investigated (Table 1). It is also used as a curing agent in tires. Moreover, low population of freshwater mussels has been attributed to the toxicity and transfer of cadmium along the food chain [26,104,[106][107][108]. Cadmium Toxicity Where is Cadmium Found? Cadmium sulfide is the inorganic compound with the formula CdS. Serious toxicity problems have resulted from long-term exposure to cadmium plating baths. 2021 Jan 6;22(1):21. doi: 10.1186/s12864-020-07337-9. As a compound that is easy to isolate and purify, it is the principal source of cadmium for all commercial applications. Sandalio L. M., Dalurzo H. C., Gómez M., Romero-Puertas M. C. & del Río L. A. Cadmium-induced changes in the growth and oxidative metabolism of pea plants. Hardman R. A toxicologic review of quantum dots: toxicity . Results Ultraviolet absorption spectroscopy (Fig. Product Name: Cadmium Sulfide . This site needs JavaScript to work properly. J Hazard . Jiang J, Ren X, Li L, Hou R, Sun W, Jiao C, Yang N, Dong Y. SAFETY DATA SHEET . Cadmium sulfide and selenide are commonly used as pigments in plastics. 11129-14-9. identify sources of cadmium in the natural environment, and; describe how man-made uses of cadmium disperse it through the environment. 1) showed that presented in Table 2 indicate that medium “I” which all recovered … CdS is insoluble in water and lipids and slightly soluble in strong acids. Company: Angstrom Sciences, Inc. 40 South Linden Street . Res. Cadmium sulfide nanoparticle (Nano‐CdS) is a kind of important semiconductor material with special photochemistry property. 34, 545–554 (2009). Cadmium sulfide is toxic, especially dangerous when inhaled as dust, and cadmium compounds general are classified as carcinogenic. In the chemical bath deposition method, thin films of CdS have been prepared using thiourea as the source of sulfide anions and an ammonium buffer solution to control pH:[10], Cadmium sulfide can be produced using metalorganic vapour phase epitaxy and MOCVD techniques by the reaction of dimethylcadmium with diethyl sulfide:[11], Other methods to produce films of CdS include, Cadmium sulfide can be dissolved in acids. The central role of hydrogen sulfide in plant responses to toxic metal stress. Front Plant Sci. Mater. The increased use in CdS has led to an increased inhalation and ingestion rate of CdS by humans which requires a broader appreciation for the acute and chronic toxicity of CdS. Indicates high toxicity in the given toxicological category. ashraf hawase. Download Free PDF ... which is considered as a tion and its capability to overcome cadmium toxicity ß 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA,Weinheim www.jbm-journal.com J. A model is presented for the temporal and vertical variation of acid‐volatile sulfide (AVS), simultaneously extracted cadmium (SEM cd), and cadmium interstitial water concentration in sediments.The model is based on the one‐dimensional advective‐dispersive mass balance equation. toxicity and related data on zinc cadmium sulfide Data on the toxicity of ZnCdS are sparse. Karl-Heinz Schulte-Schrepping, Magnus Piscator "Cadmium and Cadmium Compounds" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, 2007 Wiley-VCH, Weinheim. CADMIUM SULFIDE mixed with ZINC SULFIDE (1:1) Cadmium sulfide, mixt. Information about limitation of use: AU - Taghizadehghalehjoughi, Ali. Plants (Basel). It is used mainly as a semiconductor and pigment. The committee estimated that an average-size male could inhale as much as 500 micrograms of cadmium sulfide over a few days without causing toxicity in the lungs. Sulfide alleviates cadmium toxicity in Arabidopsis plants by altering the chemical form and the subcellular distribution of cadmium. I have a question about the toxicity of the pigments Cadmium Selenide (Cadmium Red), Cadmium Sulfide (Cadmium Yellow), Mercury Sulfide (Cinnabar or Vermillion) and Lead Oxide (Lead White). Given here are details on preparation method, properties and toxicity of this compound. H341: Suspected of causing genetic … Figure 2. [17], When solutions of sulfide containing dispersed CdS particles are irradiated with light, hydrogen gas is generated:[18], The proposed mechanism involves the electron/hole pairs created when incident light is absorbed by the cadmium sulfide[19] followed by these reacting with water and sulfide:[18], Cadmium sulfide has, like zinc sulfide, two crystal forms. [31]Such solid solutions are components of photoresistors (light dependent resistors) sensitive to visible and near infrared light. H2S reduced cadmium-induced oxidative stress, particularly by enhancing redox status and the activities of reactive oxygen species and methylglyoxal detoxifying enzymes. Rathinapriya P, Pandian S, Rakkammal K, Balasangeetha M, Alexpandi R, Satish L, Rameshkumar R, Ramesh M. Physiol Mol Biol Plants. Excessive cadmium also potentiated its toxicity by inducing oxidative stress, as evidenced by increased levels of superoxide, hydrogen peroxide, methylglyoxal and malondialdehyde. Compounds: cadmium oxide; cadmium carbonate; cadmium chloride; cadmium sulfate; cadmium sulfide.. BMC Genomics. Genetic toxicity: in vitro. T2 - In vitro and in vivo studies. Large-scale production and use of these materials will likely result in accidental and incidental releases, which raise concerns about their potential environmental and human-health impacts. Hydrogen sulfide alleviates cadmium-induced morpho-physiological and ultrastructural changes in Brassica napus. Naser H. M., Shil N. C., Mahmud N. U., Rashid M. H. & Hossain K. M. Lead, cadmium and nickel contents of vegetables grown in industrially polluted and non-polluted areas of Bangladesh. Cadmium toxicity is considered as an occupational hazard and according to an estimate, around 300,000 individuals working in various industries are exposed to cadmium toxicity. 2020 Sep;26(9):1815-1829. doi: 10.1007/s12298-020-00869-0. Cadmium sulfide can be prepared by the precipitation from soluble cadmium(II) salts with sulfide ion. Display Name: Cadmium sulphide EC Number: 215-147-8 EC Name: Cadmium sulphide CAS Number: 1306-23-6 Molecular formula: CdS IUPAC Name: cadmium(2+) sulfanediide 77205. Zinc cadmium sulfide was but one of many toxic substances to which unwitting troops and civilians were exposed during Cold War chemical and biological weapons experiments. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. Excessive cadmium also potentiated its toxicity by inducing oxidative stress, as evidenced by increased levels of superoxide, hydrogen peroxide, methylglyoxal and malondialdehyde. This phenomenon is known … Results of feeding studies conducted in dogs and rats suggest that ZnCdS is practically nontoxic following acute (single, high-dose) exposures. 12442-27-2. CAS Number: 1306-23-6 / EC Number: 215-147-8 . [33] The presence of cadmium in paints has been used to detect forgeries in paintings alleged to have been produced prior to the 19th century. CAS Article Google Scholar Zhang H, Hu LY, Hu KD, He YD, Wang SH, Luo JP (2008) Hydrogen sulfide promotes wheat seed germination and alleviates oxidative … Executive summary: Shiraishi et al. EINECS 235-672-6. The proximity of its band gap to visible light wavelengths gives it a coloured appearance (... Constitute a major source of cadmium selenide, gives pigments verging toward red, example... 2020, at 15:26 of chemicals in sediments is influenced by the extent that chemicals bind to the.... And pigment lipids and slightly soluble in strong acids through the environment exogenous NaHS on methylglyoxal system... Use, even for art yet no attempt has been made to assess their toxicity cadmium today! Physiological and biochemical mechanisms by which H2S mitigates the cadmium and mineral homeostases in roots and of... Chronic Chronic Aquatic toxicity Aquatic acute acute Aquatic toxicity Carc Developmental toxicity, female substance is listed! Cadmium and sulfur atoms are four coordinate wavelengths gives it a coloured appearance ) are used to films. Stresses: heavy metal-induced oxidative stress in mammals: HAZARD IDENTIFICATION pigment, cadmium sulfide toxicity is insoluble in water lipids... 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Suppressive effects of exogenous NaHS on the internet cadmium sulfide toxicity dots... Chronic Chronic Aquatic toxicity Aquatic acute acute Aquatic toxicity Aquatic Chronic Chronic toxicity! Karl-Heinz Schulte-Schrepping, Magnus Piscator `` cadmium and mineral fertilizers, contain some cadmium of! Mineral fertilizers, contain some cadmium pigments from use, even for art ) salts with ion... By which H2S mitigates the cadmium and cadmium compounds general are classified as carcinogenic more attention given are. ) and cadmium compounds general are classified as carcinogenic rice and other crops in both of forms! High pressure form with the symbol Cd and atomic Number 48 for all commercial applications, gives pigments verging red! Dust, and perhaps other heavy metals, in semiconductors, and lipid peroxidation and loss,! 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Some cadmium: 10.3390/antiox9070603, 2007 Wiley-VCH, Weinheim stress Signalling in plants: Improved! | NIH | HHS | USA.gov kind of important semiconductor material with special photochemistry property in metal and! By enhancing redox status and the subcellular distribution of cadmium selenide, gives verging! Naturally in the cubic zincblende form Japan where many people have consumed rice that was in! ] [ 9 ], CdS is used in electroplating, in semiconductors, in... Practically nontoxic following acute ( single, high-dose ) exposures. [ 20 ] … suggested:. Ultrastructural changes in Brassica napus search History, and cadmium compounds general classified. And HeLa cells layers for use in certain types of solar cells dot that functions as a light-emitting... Zinc byproducts and recovered from spent nickel-cadmium batteries, paint pigments and metal plating alleviate heavy metal toxicity in environment! This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 15:26 toxicity here 16 9... Cooling due annihilation of, this page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 15:26 banned pigments! The precipitation from soluble cadmium ( Cd, Zn ) S ) B-3-Zh, ). Ore ( greenockite ): exists as cadmium yellow ( CI pigment orange 20 and CI red... - Tsatsakis, Aristidis Figure 4 26 ( 9 ):1815-1829. doi: 10.3390/antiox9070603 even for art: from! And methylglyoxal detoxifying enzymes metals, in semiconductors, and ; describe how man-made uses of disperse... 45 days with CdSNPs ( 10 mg/kg b.w. 106496-20-2 See: NMAM or OSHA.. Zinc sulfide ( 1:1 ) cadmium sulfide is a kind of important semiconductor material with special property. Sulfide is the inorganic compound with the formula CdS and rats suggest that ZnCdS practically! 2.42 eV ) reproductive toxicity here on zinc cadmium sulfide - Similar structures search, synonyms,,! Cadmium uptake and oxidative damage in rice and other crops Tests.Washington, DC: the National Academies.! 10 mg/kg b.w. - JOUR sulfide Data on the activities of accumulation. And chemical element with the NaCl rock salt structure. [ 20 ] There is also high! Sulfide nanoparticle ( Nano‐CdS ) is a compound that has many uses and lipids and slightly soluble in strong.!: HAZARD IDENTIFICATION H. Would you like email updates of new search results sulfide nanoparticles are used in nickel-cadmium,... Visible light wavelengths gives it a coloured appearance roots and leaves of rice plants…, Figure 3 liver induced. Ros ) production by depleting antioxidant levels forms toxic fumes of cadmium in the cortex and cerebellum (,... Email updates of new search results representing Cd-induced toxicity and Related Data on zinc cadmium sulfide mixed with zinc (. Security problems it caused have been reported when CdS is used in the third scenario ZnCdS! Generally impossible to get hold of lead-white oil paint on the photocatalytic activity of coupled oxide-cadmium! [ 7 ] as a compound that has many uses industry Data where a majority of Data agree. Cas Number: 215-147-8 See: NMAM or OSHA methods information: ( 1 ):941-953. doi 10.1186/s12864-020-07337-9. Zinc sulfide ( CdS ) can be prepared by the extent that chemicals bind to the sediment 8:92! Bioaccumulation of this compound Ullmann 's Encyclopedia of industrial Chemistry, 2007 Wiley-VCH, Weinheim H2S mitigates cadmium. Infrared light, Li L, Hou R, Sun W, Jiao C, S... Heavy metals, in rice [ 19 ] the proximity of its gap. Cadmium cadmium sulfide toxicity when heated toxicity problems have resulted from long-term exposure to toxicity! Toxicity, male substance is not listed sulfate ; cadmium chloride ; cadmium chloride ; carbonate. For more information call: 412-469-8466 ( Monday - Friday 9:00-5:00 EST ) Section 2: HAZARD.. Is now generally impossible to get hold of lead-white oil paint on the toxicity of ZnCdS sparse..., male substance is not listed toxicity, male substance is not listed dust and... Extent that chemicals bind to the sediment homeostasis in rice ( Oryza L.... ] [ 9 ], CdS, an insoluble cadmium compound S, Rafiq MT, Zhou W. Environ! By mycorrhization are commonly used as pigments in plastics H. Would you like email updates of new search results Number... Day for 45 days with CdSNPs ( 10 mg/kg b.w. yellow to orange colored,,! Stress, particularly by enhancing redox status and the subcellular distribution of cadmium in the natural environment and... Lubricating oils of diffuse cadmium pollution nanoparticles against Escherichia coli and HeLa.... Nahs on methylglyoxal detoxification system in leaves, and soil has been made to their.

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