census abbreviations uk
Archives, Open Government Licence There are many reasons that explain why you might not find somebody in the census. RootsChat.com is a totally free family history forum to help you. Why can't I find my ancestor in the census? The occupations in the 1851 Census are rank order of the numbers employed; the figures for 1861 and 1871 follow the original order, for comparison purposes. = sine prole; without offspring May also refer in parish chest materials to Smoke-penny= one of the dues once payable at Eastertime to the incumbent of a parish by his parishion… SSCENS was created for the 1891 England/Wales census; there are a few things to be aware of when adapting it for the 1841 Scotland census. Abbreviations for 1920 Census [edit | edit source] Coal mining information [edit | edit source] 1920: A statistical study was done in 1923 on coal miners listed in the 1920 census. If born elsewhere in the British Empire, the colony or dependency, and the state or province. JustKia, Thanks for your response and for putting the proper image on there--sorry, I'm new to all this. In every census year an enumerator delivered a form to each household in the country for them to complete. For the first time the household schedules were kept, instead of being copied into enumeration books. Search Tips. The 1871 United Kingdom Census included enumerations for England, Wales, the Isle of Man, and the Channel Islands. Here is a an overview of the abbreviations used in the HISTFORM standard. Does anyone know what S.N. The 1841 census returns for the whole registration district of Wrexham, Denbighshire, were believed to be missing. The only exceptions to this are: Access census street indexes in our Web Archive. Browse Vision of Britain for reports based on information from censuses up to 1971, or search for census data relating to a town or district. Unlike earlier censuses, the 1921 census (and later censuses) are subject to the Census Act 1920, as amended by the Census (Confidentiality) Act 1991 c.6 which makes it an offence to disclose personal information held in them until 100 years after the date they were conducted. Online versions for the street indexes for 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871 and 1891 are preserved in the UK Government Web Archive. Read our blog post ‘Missing from the census?’ or watch our webinar, also called ‘Missing from the census?’, to discover how information can be missed or altered, as well as to learn tips for more successful searching. Toggle navigation UK Census Online. The forms completed by each household, known as schedules, were collected a few days later by the enumerator. The Preface to the Enumeration Abstract of the 1841 population Census of Great Britain provided guidance to the ‘enumerators’ (those who were engaged in the collection of census information) on completion of the Enumeration Schedules. v3.0, vessels in English and Welsh ports and inland waterways from 1861 onwards, age (rounded down to the nearest five years for those aged 15 or over), whether they were born in the county where they were enumerated (Y or N), whether they were born in Scotland (S), Ireland (I) or Foreign Parts (P), first name, middle names (often just initials) and surname, relationship to the head of the household, where born – county and parish if born in England or Wales, country only if born outside England and Wales), the last column now reads: 1. Once the enumeration books had been completed, most household schedules were destroyed, although there are some rare survivals. Some enumerators continued to use these on later census returns. These sites may provide basic details via free indexes. Read section 11 for information on using census references. Inline images in messages are the copyright of the respective linked sites. Read section 5 for details of the information recorded in each census year. Unm, Un or U – unmarried (replaced by S for single from 1891). You can use The National Archives catalogue to find out which parishes or districts are known to be missing from the 1861 census. I know its not brother. Since folio numbers appear only on alternate pages, each folio represents the page where it appears and the following page. There ls also a number written in a different colour over his occupation which I don't understand either. Appendix 1 Abbreviations policy. The dates of the censuses were as follows: In the censuses of 1801, 1811, 1821 and 1831 lists of names were not collected centrally, although some are held in local record offices. There are no surviving records for Royal Navy ships in foreign waters in 1891. Although most people now access the census online, and not on microfilm, census references are still very useful. Return to Field descriptions. ‘Son (or daughter)-in-law’ can mean a stepchild, as well as the husband or wife of the head’s own children. Census Abbreviations. In 1901 Royal Navy ships in foreign waters are listed alphabetically, and there are no returns for ships between HMS Amphion and HMS High Flyer. Browse the list of 64 Census abbreviations with their meanings and definitions. Search and view the census returns for Scotland from 1841 to 1911 at Scotlandspeople (£). = videlicet; namely cum cont.= with a sermon dom.=dominus (-a); lord or sir (lady or dame) fil.=filius (-a)= son (daughter) fil.pop= filius(-a) populi or filius (a) vulgi; bastard son or daughter of a harlot in com.=in comitatu; in the county (of) libre = book lic.=per licentiam;by licence nupt.=nupti fuerunt; were married ob. You may need to know which port number abbreviations refer to which ports so you can then proceed to find a document reference for an agreement and crew list from 1835 to 1857 in series BT 98. Transcriber Notes & Abbreviations. Some census records also abbreviate occupations due to the lack of space on census forms. They will remain closed to the public for 100 years after the date they were conducted. If you are new to this hobby and haven't used census records before, you might start by taking lesson #9 on Using Census Recordsat Rootsweb. Abbreviations and Guidance given to the enumerators. These abbreviations – ranging from Na for naturalized to AdD for adopted daughter — can provide important information that may be critical to your research. Census abbreviations were used heavily in the 1841 census. The heads of household were instructed to give details of everyone who slept in that dwelling on census night, which was always a Sunday. In the course of copying out their returns, the census enumerators were given permission to use certain abbreviations for occupations. (with a full stop after each letter) but you could well be right, don't want to read too much into it! 09:00 to 17:00. Keywords. 1851 England Census. Abbreviations used on Bournmoor Census Transcripts. This guide explains how to access the historical censuses from 1841 to 1911 and provides information on using the census returns of: All later censuses remain in the custody of the Office for National Statistics. Printed copies of the 1841, 1881 and 1901 street indexes are available in the reading rooms at The National Archives. 3. Some abbreviations of occupations are self evident. Sometimes the clerks in the Census Office altered or expanded these definitions to assign them to one of the categories in the Registrar General’s classification of occupations for that census year. In 1891 and 1901 the number of rooms in a dwelling was listed, if fewer than five. Census information Crown Copyright, from www.nationalarchives.gov.uk, RootsChat.com, Europa House, Bury, Lancashire, BL9 5BT United Kingdom. It is free to search on these sites, but there is a charge to view full search results and digitised images. Unfortunately, the 1931 census for England and Wales was destroyed by fire in 1942, and no census was taken in 1941 because of the Second World War. The books are all available in The National Archives’ reference library. Read about the fire that destroyed the 1931 Census for England and Wales, Channel Islands and Isle of Man. In the 1841 census I have an entry where the Head of Household is a farmer. Some transcripts of census records covering England, Wales and Scotland are available free of charge on FreeCEN.org.uk. for agricultural labourer. Free Search. The 1921 census will remain closed until it is made available online by Findmypast.co.uk in early 2022. What is the census and why was it compiled? In 1861 all returns from the Royal Navy and from merchant vessels are at the end of the series, but after that vessels in home ports are listed at the end of the districts where they were moored, and only those in foreign waters are grouped together at the end of the series. Hi Margery, no worries everyone was new to forums at some point - welcome to RC. This will give you an appreciation for the values and problems of using census returns, indexes and such. An indexed transcript has been published by the Clwyd Family History Society, and a copy is available at The National Archives. GENUKI United Kingdom & Ireland Occupations 1891 UK Census Occupation Listing Dictionary of Occupational Titles (DOT) An excellent FRENCH Old Occupation Site: Terms and abbreviations used on Census Returns If you find the description of an occupation not found here, I would very much appreciate it if you would email me with it so that I can update this site. Lunatic, whether Employer, Employed, or Neither Employer nor Employed. Exact addresses were not required in 1841, only ‘place’. Thanks for the abbreviations, none seems to fit S.N. The United Kingdom Census of 1841 recorded the occupants of every United Kingdom household on the night of Sunday 6 June 1841. Each piece contains several enumeration books with numbered pages. Forename. 11. These are some of the most common terms and abbreviations found in the ‘Rank profession or occupation’ column: Annuitant – living on income from investments, FS, MS – used in the 1841 census for ‘female servant’ and ‘male servant’, FWK – also in 1841, for ‘framework knitter’ a common occupation in the East Midlands, Gentleman – Usually denotes someone living on an income from investments, or retired from business, but has no official definition, Ind or Independent – ‘Of independent means’, J – journeyman; someone who had completed an apprenticeship but was not a master with a business and apprentices of their own, Pensioner – usually means an army pensioner; other types of pensioner are generally identified as such, including Greenwich Pensioner (naval pensioner), police pensioner and so on. Use the below list to find out which port numbers abbreviations refer to which UK ports. How the census was taken and on what dates, 4. The microfilm copies of the books for England, Wales, the Isle of Man, and the Channel islands are available at the Family Records Centre in London. List of most popular Census terms updated in January 2021 The census returns for most years follow a single format, but there are slightly different arrangements for 1841 and 1911. Abbreviations The Free 1891 London Census Database An explanation of the abbreviations used in the database. Where to access and how to search the censuses, 7. Discovery is a catalogue of archival records across the UK and beyond, from which you can search 32 million records. The completed census form recording the crew of the HMS Beagle (catalogue reference RG 9/1085). There were specific instructions on recording extra details for several occupations; notably the professions, the armed forces, public servants and anyone involved in agriculture or manufacturing. A page from the 1851 census. Special schedules for vessels were introduced in 1851, although none are known to survive from that year, so in practice 1861 was the first year to include returns from the Royal Navy and merchant shipping, at sea and in ports at home and abroad. The extra refererence is a folio number and (optionally) a page number. This database is an index to individuals enumerated in the 1851 Census for England. Each piece in 1841 is further divided into books, so a full reference needs to include a book number after the piece number, for example HO 107/1298/8. Statistics on coverage are listed, by county, on their website. This map illustrates three of the registration sub-districts at the time of the 1891 census. The FAQ and help files should provide all the instruction and information needed to transcribe. However, less information was collected in 1841 than in later census years. v3.0, except where otherwise stated. The census is a head count of everyone in the country … It is the enumeration books that we consult today online or on microfilm. the Your Archives pages now held in the UK Government Web Archive. For more guidance on how to search our catalogue, read Discovery search help. The 1871 United Kingdom Census Records Today The original census schedules that were completed by household members were destroyed. As well as their occupation, the industry in which the person was employed. Where these are recognised abbreviations, they should be entered in full. The enactment of the Population Act 1840 meant a new procedure was adopted for taking the 1841 census. Statistical information from these censuses is openly available. Back to … Sources for this document include: Concise Genealogical Dictionary, by Maurine & Glen Harris, and 1900 Federal Population Census, by the National Archives Trust Fund Board. Introduction to the Census Details the Census can provide. The census is a head count of everyone in the country on a given day. You may find census references quoted in books and articles, and you will also need to know how to use them if you are consulting our online and hard-copy street indexes (see section 4.2). Also visit the project home page and read the information there, downloading anything useful. 2. As with the 1861 census, you can use our catalogue to search the record series for any other census year to find out about whole parishes or districts that are known to be missing, but compared to 1861 there is less detail about odd missing pages. History The 1871 United Kingdom Census Records Today Search Tips Interesting Facts FAQ Related Information. Numbers in the left-hand column are schedule numbers, and should not be mistaken for house numbers. View digitised and indexed images of the Census of Ireland 1901/1911 and Census fragments and substitutes, 1821-51 (including Northern Ireland) on the National Archives of Ireland website. Depending on the census year, and the site, other search options may be available. For married women only, the number of years of their present marriage, the number of children born of that marriage, the number still living, and the number that had died. What is the census and why was it compiled? The National Archives references for censuses, Pre-1841 Censuses and Population Listings in the British Isles, England, Wales, Channel Islands and Isle of Man, Online versions for the street indexes for 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871 and 1891, digitised and indexed images of the Census of Ireland 1901/1911 and Census fragments and substitutes, 1821-51, Friends of The National Both Ancestry.co.uk and Findmypast.co.uk offer an exact reference search facility for each census year. Expand known abbreviations, for example for common occupations: Enumerators were instructed to abbreviate common occupations for the 1841 census. However, in rural areas the only information given still might be the name of the village or parish. The department and series codes for each census year are: A piece may contain hundreds of pages, so extra information is required to find the right place within a piece. We do not provide copies of online records – please download to view, Visit us in Kew to see original documents or view online records for free, Consider paying for Everyone else, whether wife, son, servant or anyone else, should have been described in relation to this person, but this was not always followed accurately. Visit The National Archives’ bookshop for a range of publications relating to census records. The 1841 census was the first to list the names of every individual, which makes it the earliest useful census for family historians. Imbecile or Idiot 4. research. Street indexes were created for districts containing towns with a population of around 40,000 or more, from 1841 to 1901. Therefore, census takers often found it necessary to use abbreviations to get all of the required information onto the census form. Until then, they are held by the Office for National Statistics. stood for in the occupation/profession column of the 1841 census? You will also find some practical information about the UK census and how to use it to research your family history. Old age pensions were introduced in 1908, so the term ‘old age pensioner’ appears for the first time in 1911. Census returns for Scotland are almost identical in format to those for England and Wales, except for 1911, when similarly detailed information was gathered but was then copied into enumeration books as in previous years, so there are no household schedules or enumerators’ summary books. 10. Each Registrar of Births and Deaths was responsible for a sub-district, which they divided into enumeration districts (EDs), and recruited enumerators for each ED. It was described as the "first modern census" as it was the first to record information about every member of the household, and administered as a single event, under central control, rather than being devolved to a local level. Many local and county record offices also hold microfilm or microfiche copies of the census returns for their own area, excluding 1911. The 1871 England census contains information about a household’s occupants including birthplaces, occupations, and health. Thanks for having a look at it, I was just thrown by it looking like S.N. Therefore a series, piece and folio reference enables you to locate the correct pair of pages but a page number can be added to the reference to identify a single page, if required, as in this example from the 1891 census: The National Archives reference for this page, from the 1891 census, is RG 12/1822, Folio 156, Page 5. This one was used for the 1861 census to record the crew of the HMS Beagle (catalogue reference RG 9/1085). Neither of these indexes has links to digitised images. The census contains detailed information on each individual who spent the night in each household including name, relationship to the head of the family, marital status, age at last birthday, gender, occupation, and birthplace. There are free indexes to all of these census returns at FamilySearch.org, with links to the images on Findmypast (£). The 1841 census now asked for personal information such as age, occupation and place of birth. Census 1861. viz. Example of a census form for vessels. These are the official abbreviations used in the censuses, Census Information is Crown Copyright, from. However, the original enumeration books for the town of Wrexham were discovered in a bookshop, and are now deposited in the Denbighshire Archives. Knowledge of first name abbreviations can be very helpful in tracking down ancestors. Published at: 2017-03-23 Share Print. The Dictionary of Genealogy by Terrick H. Fitzhugh. Prior to 1841, censuses were taken in 1801, 1811, 1821 and 1831. Read section 12 for information on the census returns for Scotland and Ireland. Why do I need to know which port numbers refer to which UK ports? From 1841 to 1901 the information from the schedules was then copied into enumeration books. Colonial American English: A Glossary by Richard M. Lederer. The General Register Office was responsible for taking the census, so it used the administrative framework already in place for the registration of births, marriages and deaths. Year of Event +/-+/-They Were. unless I'm getting the letters wrong. Census abbreviations used in the on-line 1865-1900 census records (All abbreviations are written in lower case letters) This is a translation of the list of abbreviations found at Search our blogs for posts relating to the census. In all census years except 1851 and 1911 the last entry in a building is indicated by a double oblique line //, and where there is more than one household within a building, they are separated by a single oblique line /. This practice was most extensive in 1841, and gradually diminished over the years after. A note was made of buildings that were uninhabited, or under construction, in every census year. In 1911 the number of rooms is shown on all household schedules, and other information is in the Enumerators’ Summary Books, described in section 5, above. In later census returns, occupations were written out in full by the enumerators, but in 1841 they were instructed to use abbreviations and provided with an official list in the front pages of the enumerator booklets. Re: 1841 England census abbreviations « Reply #6 on: Saturday 11 June 11 09:42 BST (UK) » Thanks for having a look at it, I was just thrown by it looking like S.N. Due to the difficulties of collecting enumeration books from ships in distant ports, shipping returns are likely to be incomplete. (with a full stop after each letter) but you could well be right, don't want to read too much into it! Use our library catalogue to find a recommended book list. ‘Divorced’ was not an official category, and does not feature in the statistical tables, but does appear occasionally in this column in later census years. This is particularly useful when a person can be found using a name search on one site, but not on another, due to differences in transcription. 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