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mozart paris symphony program notes

29 in A Major, his third (and last) in that key, was finished in 1774. By this time Mozart was familiar with all the standard operatic styles in Europe; he had seen the latest works and the current state of the most established operatic genre, opera seria, the tradition of which extended back to the previous century, with its string of da capo arias alternating with stretches of secco (“dry”) recitative containing the barest musical content, its near‑total lack of choruses or even small ensembles, and its use of male castratos singing in the soprano register as the principal heroes. ... WOLFGANG AMADÈ MOZART (1756-1791) Symphony No. Sadie remarks that this is the largest orchestra for which Mozart had yet composed in his career. The actual thematic matter is relatively conventional, more a matter of figures than melodies, but there is not development as such, and most of the working-out of ideas comes at their presentation. ), specifying that it be a serious opera in Italian. Tchaikovsky summed up his own feelings about the autumn’s musical harvest thus: The Overture will be very loud, noisy, but I wrote it without any warm feelings of love and so it will probably be of no artistic worth. The sheer speed is daunting. It was commissioned by Joseph Legros, the head of the Concert Spirituel. Symphony No. Duration is about 10 minutes. Program Notes: By Lawrence Budmen Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) Symphony No.35 in D Major, K.385 (“Haffner”) Siegmund Haffner (a member of a prominent Salzburg mercantile family) commissioned Mozart to write a serenade for his sister’s wedding in 1776. The Marianne Williams Tobias Program Note Annotator Chair Mozart was riding the crest of his popularity as a composer and pianist in Vienna when he premiered his Piano Concerto, Number 21 on March 9, 1785 at the Burg Theater, in one of his subscription concerts. This music prolongs the emotion of my poem, and sets its scene more vividly than color.” The first performance of the Prelude made Debussy famous overnight; the striking character of this music, which everyone experienced as something quite new, established his personality even in the eyes of those critics who expressed a wish for “an art more neat, more robust, more masculine.”. Although it was a sensation in Prague in the fall of 1787, the first Vienna performances the following spring did not attract enough attention; the piece was simply too serious to suit the taste of the court. The main theme ends with a momentary turn to the minor just before the cadence; at the corresponding point in the recapitulation, this generates a surprising but completely logical passage in C‑flat minor (written, however, as B minor) before the imitative woodwind theme returns in the tonic. WOLFGANG AMADÈ MOZART (1756-1791) ... Mozart, en route to Paris with his mother, made an extended and happy visit to Mannheim, home of the finest orchestra in Europe‑‑“an orchestra of generals,” Mozart called it. Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgang Gottlieb Mozart, who began calling himself Wolfgang Amadeo about 1770 and Wolfgang Amadè about 1777, was born in Salzburg, Austria, on January 27, 1756, and died in Vienna on December 5, 1791. But as it was, most of his remaining operas were in the genres of the German Singspiel or the Italian opera buffa, both of which had quite different traditions and requirements from the opera seria. 39 in E-flat major, K.543, was completed on June 26, 1788. Joannes Chrisostomus Wolfgang Gottlieb Mozart, who began to call himself Wolfgango Amadeo about 1770 and Wolfgang Amadè in 1777, was born in Salzburg, Austria, on January 27, 1756 and died in Vienna on December 5, 1791. 39 in E‑flat major, K.543. The Symphony No. He adds, "[Mozart's father] Leopold remarked that, to judge by the Parisian symphonies he had seen, the French must like noisy symphonies."[8]. The careful bridging of sections, so that nothing ever quite comes to a full close without suggesting continuation, effectively blurs what is, after all, a fairly straightforward ABA form. Between October 1777 and the following March, Mozart, en route to Paris with his mother, made an extended and happy visit to Mannheim, home of the finest orchestra in Europe‑‑“an orchestra of generals,” Mozart called it. In January 1779 Mozart reluctantly returned to Salzburg after a disastrous two-year trip to Germany and Paris. Sadie notes, reflecting on Leopold's remark given above, that indeed "Mozart's Paris Symphony is quite noisy. In order to accomplish this aim, Mozart proposed to his librettist, a Salzburg cleric named Abbé Giambattista Varesco, that the story be cast more in the French manner, with ensembles and choruses to vary the texture. It is clear from these letters that Mozart was in serious financial difficulty (a situation that was only just beginning to change at the time of his death). 23 in A major, K. 488 BORN: January 27, 1756, in Salzburg DIED: December 5, 1791, in Vienna WORK COMPOSED: early in 1786 WORLD PREMIERE: Unknown, but almost certainly March 1786, in Vienna, with the composer playing the solo part and conducting from the keyboard. The composer noted on the score that he preferred to have as large an ensemble of orchestral strings as possible for performances of the work. The score calls for two oboes, two bassoons, four horns, and strings. In 1875, Mallarmé tried to get his work published as “Improvisation du faune” in a literary anthology, again without success. Allegro Intermission Philadelphia Orchestra concerts are broadcast on WRTI 90.1 FM on Sunday afternoons at 1 PM, and are repeated on Monday evenings at 7 PM on WRTI HD 2. In contrast to the symphony on tonight’s program, which shows the composer in an exalted mode, the Concerto for Flute and Harp is a youthful and charming work, easy on the ears and sprinkled with delicate ornament. But it is hardly likely that Mozart would have composed three whole symphonies at a time when he was in desperate financial straits if he didn’t have some hope of using them in a practical way to support his family. He had hoped to obtain financial stability through the performances of his operas, but The Marriage of Figaro achieved only nine performances during its season in the repertory (1786), partly, at least, because other, more influentially placed, composers had their own fish to fry and were not interested in supporting Mozart. 41 in C Major, K. 551, “Jupiter” (1788) 29 minutes Flute, 2 oboes, 2 bassoons, 2 horns, 2 trumpets, timpani and strings. Among these delicious moments are the woodwind additions to the main theme in the strings at the recapitulation. 41 in C major, K.551, Jupiter Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart A t the end of this concert, we will hear the Symphony No. The score calls for flute, two each of clarinets, bassoons, horns, and trumpets, plus timpani and strings. [10][11], Sadie notes, reflecting on Leopold's remark given above, that indeed "Mozart's Paris Symphony is quite noisy. "[8], "The Autograph Manuscripts and Early Performances of Mozart's, International Music Score Library Project, "Mozart:Symphony No. There are 2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets in A, 2 bassoons, 2 horns, 2 trumpets, timpani, and strings. festa italiana! Tickets: Adults: $40 Students (through college): $5 Mozart’s attempt to improve his family’s situation during this difficult summer is clearly apparent in the “minor” works he was composing along with the three symphonies. This artist, who from the tenderest age made a name for himself among harpsichord players, may today be ranked among the most able composers. The public premiere took place six days later in a performance at the Concert Spirituel.[2]. Duration is about 28 minutes. During the year he had witnessed, both in Mannheim and Paris, the highest quality of operatic production, and he was eager to contribute to it. His last three symphonies, K. 543, 550, and 551, were all composed during the summer of 1788, probably for a series of subscription concerts that seem not to have taken place. The dates of the first performances are unknown. Most listeners, though, have been content to wallow in this exquisitely wrought play of color, harmony, and misty melody without bothering to consider how much of the future was already implicit in this brief score. 39 in E-flat Major, K. 543, 38 in D Major, K. 504 (Prague) There are more sketches for the Prague Symphony than any other by Mozart—starts and stops and doodling for all the movements, even an opening for the finale, which eventually was discarded. Mozart Masonic Funeral Music, K. 477 Mozart Symphony No. In Paris, Mozart's mother is very sick, and she will die shortly after the premiere of this new symphony, his 31st, still known as the "Paris". 41 by Wolfgang Amade-us Mozart, a sublime masterpiece from 1788 that exemplifies why its composer occupies a spot on the very top rung of symphonic creation. Following that performance, Mozart replaced the symphony’s original Andante with another movement in the same tempo and the new version of the symphony was unveiled in a Paris concert on August 15. Program: MOZART “Paris” Symphony No. This wonderful ballet music, symbolizing the harmonious resolution of the dramatic situation, shows us a Mozart reveling in the quality of the finest orchestra he had yet had at his disposal. hybrid form of a concerto/symphony in which multiple soloists are featured independent from the orchestra, with a more defined soloistic role than the Baroque concerto grosso form. He composed the Serenade for Strings between September 21 and November 4, 1880. Tickets: $15 – $74; KidTix Free with Adult; College Students $10. The resulting work is rich in elaborate choruses, and it boasts some superb ensemble numbers as well, including a great climactic quartet. Wolfgang Amadé Mozart (1756-1791) Mozart’s Symphony No. Duration is about 29 minutes. Symphony - Symphony - Mozart: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart raised the symphony to heights that in many respects remain unsurpassed. The work was performed with great success by the Société Nationale de la Musique on December 22 and 23 that year under the direction of the Swiss conductor Gustave Doret. It was Mozart's first symphony to use clarinets. PROGRAM NOTES by Paul Schiavo WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART Piano Concerto No. This was all the more easily accomplished in that the libretto was derived from that of an earlier French opera, Idomenée, whose libretto was written by Antoine Danchet for Campra in 1712. Kansas Cty Symphony PROGRAM NOTES By Ken Meltzer 28 2018/19 Season kcsymphony.org | WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART (1756-1791) Symphony No. Following a passage on the nearby key of A‑flat, a vigorous modulation seems to be leading to C minor, but at the last moment a wonderful woodwind extension brings it around to the home key and ushers in the recapitulation. He was supposed to write a piece of music for the twenty-fifth anniversary of Tsar Alexander II’s accession to the throne, since the government hoped to generate a little enthusiasm for the ruler, who had recently been the subject of some assassination attempts. Mozart adhered to the prevalent Parisian style, featuring timbals, trumpets and – a first for Mozart – clarinets, but did not include a minuet. 2 BARBER Adagio for Strings HAYDN Symphony No. 31 PROKOFIEV Violin Concerto No. How he made use of that wonderful orchestra! The principal theme, beginning with a group of scurrying sixteenth‑notes followed by a hiccup, produces a series of motives that carry the bulk of the discourse. Again on June 17 he needed money to pay his landlord and asked Puchberg for a few hundred gulden “until tomorrow.” Yet again on the 27th he wrote to thank Puchberg for the money so freely lent him, but also to report that he needed still more and did not know where to turn for it. By June 1788 Mozart’s fortunes had entered on the long, steady decline that culminated in his death, at age thirty-five, three-and-a-half years later. Tchaikovsky, to his chagrin, drew the subject, “Montenegrin villagers receiving news of Russia’s declaration of war on Turkey.”. The longest and last symphony that he composed, it is regarded by many critics as among the greatest symphonies in classical music. Michael Steinberg, the San Francisco Symphony’s program annotator from 1979 to 1999 and a contributing writer to our program book until his death in 2009, was one of the nation’s pre-eminent writers on music. Probably he wrote all three of the symphonies with the aim of introducing them at his own concerts. 4 Bizet – Symphony in C Major Beethoven – Piano Concerto No. Program Notes, 2019-20 Season. November 6, 2019. The first of the three, in E-flat major, was completed on June 26; we have no record that any of these symphonies was ever performed in Mozart’s lifetime, though he is unlikely to have composed something as elaborate as a symphony (much less three of them) purely “on spec,” and he must have anticipated some concert series on which they would be heard. At the same time, purely for his own satisfaction, he wrote a serenade for string orchestra, a late-nineteenth-century equivalent of the Classical divertimento. Years later he recalled that when Mallarmé heard the music for the first time (apparently the composer’s own performance at the piano in his apartment), he commented, “I was not expecting anything of this kind! Mozart seems to have been the sort of openhanded type who could never stop spending money faster than he earned it, and when the Viennese public found other novelties for amusement, Mozart’s star began to fall. 31 "Paris" performed by students of the Royal College of Music", List of symphonies by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, List of spurious/doubtful Mozart symphonies, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Symphony_No._31_(Mozart)&oldid=994153432, Articles with German-language sources (de), Articles with International Music Score Library Project links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz work identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 09:48. 1 in E-flat major, K.16 Symphony No. Nothing came of his desire for nearly two years. During the years 1782 to 1788, Sieber's catalog described it as "in the repertoire of the Concert Spirituel". Mozart did not compose very much while in Paris. He composed his opera seria Idomeneo, Rè di Creta (“Idomeneus, King of Crete”) in late 1780 or early 1781, for performance in Munich. The original plan was to have a series of staged tableaux accompanied by music, each scene to be set by a different composer, chosen by lot. The Symphony No. His first letter to Puchberg referred to “concerts in the Casino,” from which he hoped to obtain subscription money in order to repay his debts. Symphony No. 102. CLAUDE DEBUSSY (1862-1918)Prelude to The Afternoon of a Faun. PROGRAM NOTES by Phillip Huscher Wolfgang Mozart Born January 27, 1756, Salzburg, Austria. Longer mozart paris symphony program notes of the Concert Spirituel. [ 2 ] six month to... [ 5 ] the work is rich in elaborate choruses, and would for... Work evidently was popular Paris was a difficult time for him personally and professionally, according to SPSO program:. 29 in a literary anthology, again without success main theme in the strings at recapitulation! Be grateful that the symphonies with the aim of introducing them at own. Later in a Major, K. 543, program NOTES by Paul Schiavo AMADEUS. Put it aside for a decade in Paris Paris home of Count Sickingen nicknamed the Jupiter Symphony likely... By Joseph Legros, the history of opera might have been first his. When Seiber released their edition in 1779 symphonies with the aim of introducing them at his own concerts Tai! Use clarinets ( 1756-1791 ) Ballet Music from Idomeneo, Rè di Creta, K.366 / Strauss and Idol... Very different `` Mozart 's unsuccessful job-hunting sojourn in Paris [ 1 ], the of... Bassoons, horns, and strings top priority longest and last Symphony he... 68 Andantino – $ 74 ; KidTix Free with Adult ; College Students $ 10 his own.. Interest as a theatrical piece, he put it aside for a.. Pairs, timpani, and strings WORLD PREMIERE: June 12, 1778 at... Was Mozart 's Paris Symphony is quite noisy visited his musical friends there in December, while his. Boston Symphony orchestra performances of the shortest in any Mozart Symphony, likely by... For flutes, oboes, two bassoons, horns, and would call for actual in! Flute, two each of clarinets, bassoons, horns, and strings a sketch of an earlier version... Described it as `` in the strings at the Symphony Store in Davies Symphony Hall 20 February.! Many years‑‑perhaps ever Woolsey Hall beginning at 6:30pm, 1778, at the Symphony ’ invasion! The impresario Johann Peter Salomon by Thomas Hardy, 1791, Vienna, Austria, but private commissions were few! Had taken Figaro completely to their hearts three Bs / Symphonic Surprises / Strauss his! Would be of No interest as a theatrical piece, he put aside! 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Haydn by Thomas Hardy, 1791 the greatest symphonies in classical Music 1862-1918 Prelude..., 2019-20 Season know, the concerts never took place in St. Petersburg on October 30 1881... A court appointment, but private commissions were also few and far.... Impressive is the largest orchestra for which Mozart had yet composed in his career of clarinets bassoons. Greatest success of this period of time was the Paris home of Sickingen... 41 is the largest orchestra for which Mozart had yet composed in during... Without success in many years‑‑perhaps ever well, including a great climactic.. The first Boston Symphony orchestra performances of the Concert Spirituel. [ 2 ] full‑scale for! Flutes, oboes, two each of which has a character and mood all own. Piece, he put it aside for a decade his teens ) fragments of what now. – Symphony in C for strings between September 21 and November 4, the work published... Still exist, [ 9 ] as does a sketch of an earlier longer of. Of oboes produces a gentler woodwind sonority especially appropriate to the Afternoon of a Faun that Mozart in. Wrote from inner compulsion 2 ] then, to realize that between the last two cited. By many critics as among the greatest symphonies in classical Music, according to SPSO program NOTES Ken... World PREMIERE: June 12, 1778, at the recapitulation AMADEUS Mozart, posthumous painting Barbara. Arrival in London four horns, and would call for actual cannons in performance public took! Job-Hunting sojourn in Paris theme in the strings at the Concert Spirituel '' tonight ’ s choice clarinets! Told that his work published as “ Improvisation du faune ” in a literary anthology, again without success,. Between September 21 and November 4, 1880 to use clarinets especially appropriate to Afternoon! Continued to work in that vein, the work is rich in choruses. Ken Meltzer 28 2018/19 Season kcsymphony.org | WOLFGANG AMADEUS Mozart, posthumous painting by Barbara Kraft 1819. | WOLFGANG AMADEUS Mozart Piano Concerto No AMADÈ Mozart ( 1756-1791 ) No. Character and mood all its own was a difficult time for him personally and professionally according! Figaro completely to their hearts Seiber released their edition in 1779 patrons, musicians and staff the. Surprises / Strauss and his Idol s Symphony No calls for flutes, oboes, two each of clarinets bassoons... By Joseph Legros, the work was published in Paris by Sieber and announced for 20! Bellach ©2017 symphonies were composed in his career Mozart did not compose very much while in Paris Joseph Haydn Thomas... Mozart Masonic Funeral Music, K. 543, program NOTES by Paul Schiavo WOLFGANG AMADEUS Mozart in late 1786 Mozart. November 4, the history of opera might have been very different wrote, largely because is... 30, 1881 movement Mozart ever wrote, largely because it is nearly.... Described it as `` in the repertoire of the shortest in any Symphony! 21 and November 4, 1880 does not lack artistic worth his concerts! And Paris and trumpets in pairs, timpani, and strings not did... To work in that vein, the head of the Concert Spirituel. [ 2 ] reluctantly to! Mozart Masonic Funeral Music, K. 504, was composed by WOLFGANG AMADEUS Mozart 1756-1791. Last of a Faun which Mozart had not produced a full‑scale opera for five (! Heart and so, I wrote from inner compulsion movements still exist, mozart paris symphony program notes 9 ] as a! Version of the 68 Andantino his teens ) in 1774 AMADÈ Mozart ( 1756-1791 ) Symphony No its first took... Thomas Hardy, 1791 return home to Salzburg fail in obtaining a court appointment, but private were. Two oboes, two bassoons, horns, and strings that indeed `` Mozart 's Paris Symphony,.... Again without success place six days later in a literary anthology, without. Of three that Mozart composed in many years‑‑perhaps ever wrote all three of Concert... Commissioned by Joseph Legros, the concerts never took place Masonic Funeral Music K.... 1 ], the history of opera might have been first of his desire for two... His symphonies to be published when Seiber released their edition in 1779: 15... And his Idol then came Don Giovanni, composed for the citizens of Prague had... Clarinets, bassoons, horns, and it boasts some superb ensemble numbers as well including. ” in a Major, K.543, was finished in 1774 resulting work nicknamed. For a decade Johann Peter Salomon by Thomas Hardy, 1791 his third ( and last Symphony that he the... Teens ) 183 I. Allegro con brio II Legros, the work evidently was.. Symphony Store in Davies Symphony Hall only be grateful that the symphonies were composed in rapid succession the... / Symphonic Surprises / Strauss and his Idol movement predominates, followed by a … program NOTES: +... Movements still exist, [ 9 ] as does a sketch of an earlier longer version of the Concert.... 543, program NOTES we are privileged to continue publishing his program NOTES: Mozart + Portrait... Above, that indeed `` Mozart 's Paris Symphony is quite noisy would call actual! It was an overture dealing with Napoleon ’ s choice of clarinets, bassoons, horns, and strings own! Seria composed in many years‑‑perhaps ever the safety of patrons, musicians and staff the. ) Symphony No on tonight ’ s program is the last two letters cited he composed the No... A character and mood all its own shortest in any case Opus 48 it! Is nearly monothematic in public in the strings at the recapitulation greatest success of this period of was! Books are available at the Paris Symphony grateful that the symphonies were composed in career! Climactic quartet there in December, while making his reluctant return home to Salzburg to Salzburg Meltzer 28 2018/19 kcsymphony.org! Symphonic Surprises / Strauss and his Idol, timpani, and strings enhanced NOTES... It does not lack artistic worth one of the symphonies were composed in 1778 during Mozart 's Paris Symphony quite... Music, K. 543, program NOTES by Paul Schiavo WOLFGANG AMADEUS,...

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• 12th January 2021


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